The Federal STEM Plan and the Role of Immigrants in the US Workforce

The US government says that between 2020 and 2030, America will need 1 million more science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workers. Immigrants help fill these jobs and the Biden government has a plan to attract them.

The American Immigration Council made guides on the government’s 5 STEM plans:

Matching US companies looking to host non-immigrant J-1 exchange visitors
22 fields of study added to the STEM Optional Practical Training (OPT) program
Updated how the USCIS decides eligibility for O-1 visas
USCIS policy update on national interest waivers (NIWs) for immigrants with advanced STEM degrees, letters from US government agencies or organizations, or who are entrepreneurs
Additional 36 months of study for J-1 exchange visitors

They also made a factsheet on immigrant STEM workers that showed the following:

Immigrant STEM workers increased from 1.2 million to 2.5 million between 2000 to 2019. They went from being 16.4% of all STEM workers to 23.1%.

While 67.3% of US-born STEM workers have at least a bachelor’s degree, 86.5% of immigrant STEM workers do.